FILTERING PITCHER IS A SIMPLE AND SUFFICIENTLY EFFECTIVE DEVICE FOR PURIFICATION OF DRINKING WATER.

The article discusses the characteristics and selection criteria of a filtering jug (pitcher) for the home, the similarities, and differences of different pitchers.

Aquaphor Provance pitcher

In a previous article, we examined various devices and systems for treating drinking water. The question that was also considered there – why is it necessary to purify “drinking” water from the tap. We made sure that such water, without additional filtration, may be quite safe, but rarely has characteristics suitable for direct consumption, as well as for the preparation of culinary dishes and drinks.

Now we will dwell on the review of the most simple and popular device for purifying drinking water – a filtering jug. As a rule, a filtering jug has a low price (from 17 to 25 euros for a product of good quality, without unnecessary “bells and whistles”). At the same time, it does not need to be connected and installed, you can quickly start using it, it is easy to find replaceable modules, and it is easy to take with you on a trip.

Despite the simplicity and low price, the filtering jug is an excellent and quite effective device for improving the composition, taste, smell, and type of water for use in cooking food and drinks. There are many varieties of types and brands of filter jugs.

How To Make The Right Choice Of Filter Jug?

To begin with, let’s dwell on the characteristics that can be expressed with specific numbers. The main characteristics of the filtering jugs: the capacity of the jug, the volume of the funnel (filtered water), the material of which the jug is made, the type of filter element (cartridge), the type of counter, the frequency of replacing the cartridge.

Pitcher capacity. Manufacturers usually mean by the capacity of the jug its full capacity, as if it were filled with water to the top. Unlike its full capacity, the volume of filtered water is about half.

The material of manufacture. As a rule, modern jugs of leading manufacturers are made of polymeric materials that are allowed for use with water and food products. Budget models of jugs, as a rule, are made of similar materials – it is quite soft and thin plastic, subject to scratches and chips during operation. More expensive jug options are made from premium materials. For example, Aquaphor Provance and Onyx are made of Tritan, which resembles glass in appearance, but is much lighter and less prone to collapse.

Type of filter. The most popular in Europe are the so-called oval filter cartridges used by many manufacturers. By the name of one of the most popular manufacturers, they are often called “Brita cartridges”. According to the manufacturer’s classification of Aquaphor, it is a B-25 Maxfor (previously B100-25) cartridge. Cartridges of this type are very popular, have been available for a long time, and can be found everywhere, but their durability is quite limited. As a rule, this is one month of operation or 150 liters of water. New-type round cartridges used in Aquaphor jugs have resources of 200-350 l of water and duration of use of 2-3 months. A review of cartridges, in all their diversity, will be devoted to a separate article.

In order for the purified water to be truly high-quality, it is necessary to replace the filter cartridge in time. In order not to forget about it and not to make a mistake, most jugs are equipped with a filling counter or a cartridge replacement calendar. Most often, the counters are mechanical, reacting to the opening of the lid when filling the jug. In addition, on modern round cartridges, there is a kind of calendar that reminds you when to replace a cartridge. Very rarely, electronic meters are found. They look modern, but require batteries for power and are afraid of moisture, like any electronics. Therefore, their use is not too practical.

Slider grill and counter ( Aquaphor Prestige and Aquaphor Amethyst)

In addition to the quantitative characteristics of pitchers, attention should be paid to ergonomics and ease of use. For example, to fill the jug with water, a sliding lid, louvre lid, or opening spout can be used.

A Comparative Review Of Popular Filter Jugs.

Now let’s compare 4 popular jugs from the current Aquaphor product line.

Aquaphor Onyx.

This sleek, classic-design pitcher is made from Eastman’s durable, unbreakable Tritan. This polymer is approved for prolonged contact with drinking water and food. Moreover, it is manufactured without the use of bisphenol (BPA-free). Unlike conventional plastics, Tritan is more transparent and less prone to scratching and clouding. Onyx jugs are made not on a die, but by blowing, just like expensive glass products.


Pitcher Aquaphor Onyx in interior

Due to the wide round bottom, Onyx is very stable – it is difficult to accidentally knock it over. But even if you drop it, the jug is unlikely to break, which makes it more practical and safe for use in a family with small children.

A convenient flip-flop-type lid is opened by pressing the thumb and activates a mechanical counter. The full capacity of the jug is 4.2 l; This is enough for use in a fairly large family.

Complete with Aquaphor Onyx (Onice, Оникс) comes to a standard oval cartridge B25 Maxfor (B100-25). Its resource is 200 liters and approximately one month of operation. This cartridge is very popular in Europe, it can be found everywhere, like its counterparts (for example, Brita Maxtra).

Aquaphor Provance.

The Aquaphor Provance pitcher (Provence, Provenza, Прованс) is also designed in an elegant country style and has all the advantages of the previous model. It is also made of “artificial glass” Tritan and has a large volume. And it copes with the purification of water from most of the pollution. The lid of the jug can be made in stylish white or black.


Pitcher Aquaphor Provance in the kitchen

Unlike Onyx, the Provence jug used the new original Aquaphor B5 round cartridge (B100-5) with an antibacterial filter and extended service life (up to two months or 300 liters of water). Other Aquaphor cartridges with a round landing slot can also be used in this jug (for more details see another article).

Aquaphor Prestige B5.


Aquaphor Prestige on the table

The Aquaphor Prestige pitcher (Prestigio, Престиж) is slightly smaller than the previous ones. It is made of ordinary food-grade plastic. The full capacity of the jug is 2.8 l, and the funnel volume is 1.4 l. This is enough to fill a standard kettle or coffee maker. This jug uses the same B5 round cartridge (or compatible cartridges) as the Aquaphor Provence. Accordingly, it has a similar resource (300 l) and a service life (two months). Water can be drawn into it through the original slider grill, which is conveniently pushed away with the thumb and protects the water from dust during filtration and storage. Due to the more compact size, this jug takes up less space in the refrigerator, which is important in the hot summertime. The filling counter is also mechanical. It is complemented by a calendar on the cartridge itself.

 

Aquaphor Amethyst.


Aquaphor Amethyst on the table in a garden

Aquaphor Amethyst (Ametista, Аметист) has a similar device and characteristics but is adapted to the B-25 oval cartridge, which is more popular in Europe. Accordingly, it has a slightly lower filtering resource. However, its advantages include a cute and original design. Thanks to a variety of color options (from classic white to juicy cherry color), you can easily pick up this jug to the color scheme of any kitchen. A graceful round handle goes well with an oval funnel and cartridge shapes.


Aquaphor Amethyst in the door of a refrigerator

Conclusions.

Despite the differences in design, specifications, and price, all of the above models do an excellent job of purifying water from most contaminants. The degree of purification of jugs is naturally lower than that of multi-stage household purification systems or reverse osmosis systems. However, filtering the water in a pitcher completely eliminates or significantly reduces the content of many harmful substances: mechanical impurities, active chlorine, petroleum products, phenol, heavy metals, and pesticides. At the same time, the cost of one liter of purified water is much less than when using bottled water. You should also take into account that the bottles still need to be brought, and then disposed of.

Therefore, filter jugs can be recommended as a simple, environmentally friendly and quite effective means of improving the quality of drinking water.

Pitcher As A Great Gift Idea.

The filtering jug is a great gift idea for your family, friends, and relatives. Such a gift is a manifestation of your concern for the health and well-being of the person to whom you give it. This is an appropriate gift for Christmas and New Year, for a birthday, housewarming or wedding. Such a gift will also be pleasant to receive for a person who is fond of cooking and preparing drinks. Aquaphor filter jugs are delivered in high-quality and colorful packaging and come with everything you need for using it.


Aquaphor Onyx out of the package

Where To Buy Quality Filter Jugs?

Aquaphor, unlike some other manufacturers, does not transfer its production to the “third world” countries. The main factories Aquaphor are in Europe and the USA. The European market mainly receives products from the new production plant in Estonia.

These products are manufactured to the highest quality standards and comply with all EU regulations.

You can purchase jugs, filter cartridges, and related products in the online store Promarket-EU.

For those who have an Amazon account, it may be convenient to order goods at any of the European branches of this online platform. Relevant links for buyers from the UK, Italy, France, Germany, Spain, and other European countries can be found on the portal http://filtro.promarket.info/index.html.

This article includes affiliate links to the examples of devices, which are discussed, on Amazon marketplace and on the website ProMarket. You may use them if you are interested to get more detailed information / characteristics or if you want to buy something you like.

Photos and technical details courtesy of Aquaphor, ProMarket.

If you have a related business (for example, a store for household goods and household appliances, a pharmacy or a business for plumbers), you can offer your customers a new high-quality and profitable product. For wholesale discounts and a sales representative deals, please write to ProMarket by

E-Mail

Promarket-eu mail

 

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DRINKING WATER PURIFIERS AND FILTRATION SYSTEMS – A COMPARATIVE REVIEW

The article discusses the main ways of filtering drinking water at home: a filtering jug, flow filter, and reverse osmosis installation. Photos and technical details courtesy of Aquaphor.

Water pitcher Aquaphor Provence (buy on Amazon)

WHY IT’S ADVISABLE TO PURIFY TAP DRINKING WATER?

In most developed countries, there are standards for drinking water supplied to residential buildings. However, water quality control is usually carried out at the exit from a centralized filtration system. And then the water goes a long way until it reaches the tap in your kitchen. This path runs through many kilometers of pipes, most often laid many years ago. Some of these pipes are iron, hence a metallic taste, rust, and other oxides appear in the water. Copper pipelines are also found in homes – they themselves are durable, but oxidized copper is also not good for the body.

In addition, dirt accumulates in any pipes (including modern polymer pipes). Where does it come from? In case of accidents and damage to pipes underground, the soil erodes, and together with water it enters the pipe and spreads throughout the entire branched system. When repairing a damaged pipe, of course, it is replaced, but it is no longer possible to flush the entire system perfectly. Imagine how much sediment settles in pipes in 10 or 20 years! This dirt is the habitat of various bacteria and other microorganisms. If the water is chlorinated, this inhibits their development, but chlorine and chlorides in themselves are harmful substances.

Even if the water in the tap meets basic hygiene standards, its appearance, smell and taste may be far from ideal. In particular, the calcium content may not exceed the norm, but it can leave white marks on dishes, precipitate when boiling, create scale and spoil your household electrical appliances. In addition, excessively hard water negatively affects the life of the body, as it causes a violation of the acid-base balance in physiological fluids.

Thus, if you want to avoid all these troubles, to feel the true taste of your favorite drinks, to protect your family and children from the long-term consequences of drinking contaminated water, there are only two solutions – either buy bottled water (from a trusted supplier) or fix existing water on the spot . The second option allows you to get the required amount of clean drinking water right in your home. The price of one liter of such water (even when installing quite complex and expensive systems) in the future will be ten times cheaper than bottled water.

Filters for drinking water help reduce the number of impurities, ensure the elimination of pathogenic bacteria, and also significantly improve the taste. Proper purifying favorably affects the composition of the water and guarantees the health and well-being of those who regularly use water.

DIVERSITY OF FILTERING SYSTEMS

The most popular types of drinking filters:

filtering pitcher (jug);
flow (in-line) filter;
reverse osmosis system.

FILTERING PITCHERS

Aquaphor Onyx pitcher
Aquaphor Onyx pitcher (buy on Amazon)

Some people hesitate to install a special fixed filter for water, so they prefer portable filter jugs. Amazingly, this simple and inexpensive thing can eliminate most of the insoluble inclusions and significantly improve the water quality. A pitcher can also be useful as a temporary solution, for example, when going on vacation to an unfamiliar area, where the composition of the water is likely to differ from the usual.
There is a wide variety of filter pitchers, and we will examine them in more detail in another review.

Advantages of filter pitchers:

  • low price (for example, fairly high-quality jugs Aquaphor Amethyst may cost less than 20 euros;
  • the ability to use them without installation, immediately after purchase;
  • sufficiently high efficiency of cleaning the main pollution;
  • a wide variety of shapes, volumes and colors (compare, for example, Aquaphor Prestige and Aquaphor Onyx )

Disadvantages of filter pitchers:

  • this type of water treatment does not provide a sufficient level of filtration for fine and dissolved contaminants;
  • the amount of filtered water is quite limited;
  • despite the fact that this option seems economical, filter cartridges will have to be changed quite often (every 1-3 months or 200-350 liters).

FLOW (IN-LINE) FILTER

To clean drinking water in your house, now you do not need bulky systems. It is enough to place an additional faucet next to the usual tap, and place the filter system under the kitchen sink. Filters for drinking water “under the sink” get the highest place in the ranking of the best cleaning products because of their ease of use and effective results.

Crystal A - under the sink filter

A compact household appliance can improve the quality of the water used and is much more effective than a filter jug. For example, the Aquaphor Crystal three-stage ultrafiltration system is effective against chlorine, lead, heavy metals, pesticides, phenol, colloidal iron and other impurities larger than 0.8 micrometers. As a rule, the first two stages of purification eliminate fine particles and impurities, and the last stage (made using carbon-block technology from activated coconut carbon) – finishes and eliminates odors.

Most people, who have some housekeeping skills, along with instructions and appropriate tools, do the job of installing filters on their own, but it is recommended (and sometimes even required by local rules) that a qualified plumber do this job. Usually, installation takes 1-2 hours.

The performance of such a filter is more than 3 liters per minute.
Frequency of replacement of filter elements – from 6 to 12 months.
The resource of filtering elements is up to 6000 liters.
Periodic replacement of filter elements is not difficult and can be carried out independently.

The price of such systems is usually within 100 euros.

REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM

The most thorough purification method is a filter with reverse osmosis system.
Water in such a system is under pressure and, in addition to pre-filters of various porosity and structure, passes through a special membrane. A water molecule (0.3 nm in size) passes through this membrane, but the majority of chemical impurities and inclusions of biological origin, in particular microorganisms and viruses (sizes from 20 to 500 nm), do not pass. For example, such a filter can trap cholera bacteria or hepatitis viruses.

This method is especially recommended if the quality of the source water is unstable or cannot be controlled (for example, old water pipes, as well as boreholes and wells in rural areas).

DWM-101 Morion reverse osmosis system
DWM-101 Morion reverse osmosis system (buy on Amazon)

Typically, a reverse osmosis system includes two to three cartridges with pre-filters, a reverse osmosis membrane, a storage tank, a post-filter, and a separate faucet for purified water. A storage tank is necessary because filtration is quite slow, and it is convenient to have a stock of purified water (4-8 liters), which can be used immediately. If the system pressure is too low, a pressure boost pump is also required; it can either be included in the system immediately or delivered, if necessary, separately, such as the Aquaphor Booster Kit.

If the source water is dirty or has a lot of insoluble impurities (for example, sand), a pre-filter is installed in front of the system. If microorganisms are likely to be in the water, then the system is supplemented with a bactericidal ultraviolet lamp.

Frequency of replacement of filter elements – from 6 to 12 months
The resource of filtering elements is up to 8000 liters.
Routine maintenance and replacement of filter elements is not difficult and can be carried out independently.

Reverse osmosis systems also have disadvantages:

  • unlike conventional filters, not all water passes through the system – during operation, a certain amount of water with concentrated impurities is formed, which usually outflows into the drain; that is, producing 1 liter of super-pure water requires from 2 to 4 liters of the source. Outflow water is not dangerous, it is even cleaner than the original tap water, and it can be used for technical purposes or for secondary filtration;
  • the reverse osmosis system requires a certain water pressure for operation, usually in the range of 2.5 – 6.0 bar; if the initial pressure is too small – a booster is required, and if too large – a pressure reducer;
  • A relatively complex system requires certain skills in installation and maintenance. Most people, who have some housekeeping skills, along with instructions and appropriate tools, do the job of installing filters on their own, but it is recommended (and sometimes even required by local rules) that a qualified plumber do this job. Usually, installation takes 1-2 hours, including the initial washing of the filters.

Quality reverse osmosis systems can cost anywhere from 150 to 700 euros.

Some skeptics believe that the water from reverse osmosis systems is too pure, does not contain minerals, and has no taste. Yes, in such water, there are practically no impurities, which means there are no salts and minerals. It is just water, with the taste of water and without any foreign smell, and it perfectly quenches thirst. Scientific studies show that it is impossible to overestimate the role of water as a solvent and the environment for all physiological processes. However, most of the nutrients, vitamins, and minerals a person receives not from water, but from food.

Of course, if you are used to drinking quality mineral water and you like its taste, you can continue to drink it. But in order to find out the true taste of your favorite dishes and drinks (coffee, classic and herbal teas), it is better to use absolutely pure water for their preparation. Water without impurities is also preferable for cooking food and drinks for children and people suffering from allergies and various diseases.

In modern reverse osmosis systems, the aforementioned disadvantages have already been partially eliminated. For example, in the Aquaphor Morion DWM-101S, the minimum pressure requirements are reduced to 1.86 bar. In addition, this system facilitates the process of replacing cartridges, and it is also possible (as a finishing post-filter) to use elements with the addition of minerals, such as magnesium, which is good for the heart.

The features of various reverse osmosis systems are discussed in more detail in another article.

CONCLUSION

Which system to choose? The answer to this question depends on the quality of the source water, the task and the required amount of treatment.

If there is a need to improve the properties of water urgently and without capital expenditures, and the source water is safe enough, then the easiest way is to buy a filtering jug. Also, this is a good option for temporary housing or on a trip.

If the source water is safe enough and you need more water (family, more or less permanent residence, or a small cafe), then this or that flow filtration system is suitable.

If the quality of the source water is unstable or in doubt, or if you need perfectly pure water, free of 99.9% of all known impurities, then the best solution would be to install a reverse osmosis system.

The main conclusion that can be drawn: any of the considered filtration systems improves water quality and, therefore, brings long-term health benefits.

This article includes affiliate links to the examples of devices, which are discussed, on Amazon marketplace and on the website ProMarket. You may use them if you are interested to get more detailed information / characteristics or if you want to buy something you like.

Photos and technical details courtesy of Aquaphor, ProMarket.

If you have a related business (for example, a store for household goods and household appliances, a pharmacy or a business for plumbers), you can offer your customers a new high-quality and profitable product. For wholesale discounts and a sales representative deals, please write to ProMarket by

E-Mail

Promarket-eu mail

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Tips and Tricks: CB Radio 27 MHz – issue 1 – Installation in the Car.

Trucks on the road near Italian Alps

If we are talking about CB radio communication in the range of 27 MHz (Citizen Band), you can buy the most expensive radio and the most efficient antenna, but the practical work of this kit will depend on the correct and optimal installation in the car.


The power supply of the radio must be connected respecting mandatory compliance with polarity (usually the red wire – “+”, black – “-“).
If the voltage exceeds 15V, the power supply to the radio should pass through the LINEAR converter. A pulse converter can be a source of interference and interfere with reception even if it is not connected to the radio.
It is recommended to power [+] wire from the battery through a separate fuse and [-] wire – from the ground of the machine near the place of installation of the radio. If the [-] wire run from the battery, it must also be protected by its own fuse.
The nominal value of the fuses must correspond to the design current of the radio.
The radio must be placed in a convenient and accessible place, and the speaker must be open.
The radio and antennas require periodic inspections and maintenance, so you need to install them so you can quickly remove them.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Perdita_Car.jpg

The antenna must match the radio frequency.
If the antenna is installed higher and near the center of the machine, it works better (see diagram). Please note that installing any antenna in a bad place can result in a loss of more than 3 decibels of gain, which is equivalent to losing half the total power radiated by the radio transmitter.
The antenna must be installed vertically. There should be no metal parts near the pin (whip).
Mortise antenna designed for installation on a metal surface. If it is mounted on a bracket, it is necessary to ensure the contact of the antenna base with the ground of the machine: clean the paint on the antenna joints with the bracket and the bracket with the bodywork, and tighten the screws. Otherwise, the antenna will malfunction.
If the antenna is good, properly installed, but does not work well for transmission, it may not be tuned by SWR on a specific channel. Verify, configure.
If the metal surface of the installation has an insufficient area for the antenna or an irregular shape, tuning and proper functioning of the antenna may be impossible.
Any damage, even minimal, to the antenna cable can break the connection and cause the radio to fail.
The antenna’s threaded connections require periodic cleaning and the hidden cavities require drying.

It is normal to face spots with abnormal noise levels (for example, near the electric wires, office buildings (which have a lot of computers), etc. But if the noise level during the reception is too high everywhere, you should find and eliminate the source of interference within the car (it can be a pulse DC/DC or DC/AC converter, a led lamp, abnormal xenon, etc.)

Please note that the most optimal solutions in the field of telecommunications or civil radio communication can be found in the online store http://ProMarket-EU.com, as well as on Amazon.

 

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